From this article, a parent can learn about allergies in babies. There is few different types of allergies in babies. Many parents can’t understand why their infant is suffering. Before we go any further we should know what is allergy.
What is allergy?
A allergy is a damaging immune system response by the body to a substance, that is harmless to most people. In some people with an allergy, the body’s immune system treat the substance as an invader and overreacte by causing reaction that can range from annoying to life threatening. That substance called Allergen.
Immune system then produce Immunoglobulin E to protect the body. Those antibodies the produce allergy cell in the body known as basophils, to release chemicals including histamine into the bloodstream to defend against the inader known as Allergen. It is the release of these chemicals that causes visual reaction. These visual reaction called Allergic Reactions, affecting a allergic persons eyes, skin, throat, nose, lungs or gastrointestinal. This way body attempt to rid itself of the allergen. Every time the person is exposed to the same allergen, he or she will have allergic reaction. Allergies can be seasonal or can occur any time someone comes in contact with an allergen.
Who gets allergies?
Often allergy can be developed by passing down through your genes. However, you or your patents or one of your child got it doesn’t mean your other childrens will get it. A very few children have allergies even if none of the family member is allergic. Very few kids who is allergic to one allergen is very likely to be allergic to other allergens.
Types of Allergies
There are many types of allergies. They are,
1. Food allergy:
The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology stated that up to 2 million or 8% of kids in USA are affected by food allergies. In 2011, based on the agency’s National Health Interview Servay, the U.S. Centre of Disease Control and Prevention released that 4.5% of children under 18 have a food allergy ( up to 3.5% in 2000). The most common food allergies are :
A) Milk Protein allergy:
Maximum formulated milk in the market are based on cow milk. Around 2%-3% infents are allergic to cow milk protein. Cow’s Milk Protein Allergy means abnormal immune system reaction to proton which found in cow’s milk. In the food market, all formulated dairy products based on cow’s milk contain that protein.
B) Egg allergy:
Egg allergy is one of the most common food allergies in babies and young children. Maximum processed food kids eat egg is the main ingredient. For many parents its very challenging to find a eggless processed food for their children.
C) Peanuts and other nuts allergy:
Nuts allergy is also a very common allergy in infant. Peanuts is not nut, it is in the same family group of lentils and peas, which called legume. Is someone is allergic to peanuts it doesn’t mean he or she will be allergic to other legumes. Nuts allergy can cause serious reaction to your infant.
D) Wheat allergy:
Wheat allergy is the abnormal immune system reaction to wheat protein. Wheat protein are found in maximum processed food, some are more obvious than others. Wheat protin allergy can cause life threatening reaction.
E) Soy allergy:
Soy beans contain protin like cow’s milk, but soy is the same family group of legume like peanuts. Soy allergy are more common allergy in infant than in older children. If any infant is allergic to cow’s milk protein are also allergic to soy formulated milk. In maximum processed food soy is a hidden ingredient.
F) Shellfish allergy:
Shellfish allergy is common in adult. It can be very serious reaction. For some people it can be life threatening.
2. Airborne allergy:
People are allergic to some of the airborne, which is mostly common in people. Airborne means carried through the air and airborne allergy means a damaged immune system reaction because of some particles in the air. Some of the airborne allergy are as below.
A) Pollen allergy:
In the spring, as every tree start to bloom the pollen gets airborne. This tiny particle fertilise other plants and trees. This allergy is seasonal. How you will know that your child is allergic to pollen? If your infant is allergic to pollen they will have their annual retual of sneezing and sniffing for a certain period of time and it will occur at a certain time. For a example it can happen beginning of the spring when all trees and pkants start to bloom.
B) Dust mites allergy:
Dust mites are most common cause of allergy. Dust mites are microscopic insects which live around us. Thus insect feed on the millions of dead skin cells fallen from our body every day. We can also call this allergy Dust allergy.
C) Pet allergy:
Pet allergy can cause problems for kids as well as parents. Pet allergy can happen form pet dander, salivaor or urine. Pets always lose their dead skin cell as well as fur or feathers. These tiny particles can become airborne in your house. On the other hand animals saliva also can be an allergen. As part of grooming pet always lick themselves or others. When pets lick their saliva get in the fur or feathers, as the saliva dries protein particles become airborne and work their way in to every surfaces in your house. Again like pet saliva, pet urine can cause allergies the same way or where ever a pet urinates that doesn’t get cleaned.
3. Chemical allergy:
Many infant are allergic to some chemicals. Those chemicals can be used in various medications, skin products and cleaning products.
A) Penicillin allergy:
This is a allergic reaction which occurrers when body’s immune system overreacts to the penicillin antibiotics.
B) Aspirin allergy:
Aspirin is a pain relief medication. Aspirin or other pain relief medication’s main ingredient is Salicylates. This chemicals are found naturally in many plants, vegetables, fruits. It is also common in many beauty care and common health care products.
C) Cosmetics allergy:
Certain ingredients ( such as fragrance and preservsative) of cosmetic can act like allergen, chemical that trigger an allergic reaction.
D) Sulfites allergy:
Sulfites are a group of sulfur-based substansce that may occur naturally or sometime may be added to food as an preservative or enhancer. The FDA estimates that 1 out of 100 people is sensitive to the compounds.
Some more allergies are down below:
# Insect allergy:
Some infant are allergic to insects sting, such as bee, hornets, wasps, fire ants, yellow jacket.
# Mold allergy:
It is a airborne allergy. It is another common allergy. Mold is a type of fungi, an develop in both indoors and outdoors. It mainly develop in dark and moist places, such as beside a drainage pipes, damp room. If someone is allergic to mold they will start sneezing.
# Cockroache allerg:
This allergy is mostly common in households, specially in cities. It can be a major cause of the high rates of asthma in city children.
# Latex allergy:
Latex is a chemical which found in hospital gloves and in certain hospital equipments. Many infant can be allergic to this substance. Kids who are allergic to Latex are more likely to be allergic to kiwifruit, banana, water chestnut or avocados.
# Nickel allergy:
A nickel allergy is a skin reaction that occur for the the exposure of the item which contain nickel.
# Sun reaction of the skin:
Sun light contain ultraviolet ray. Enough exposure to ultraviolet radiation will burn our skin. However, some people easily develop exaggerated reaction to sunlight.
Signs and symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of allergies can vary from allergy to allergy as well as child to child. There are some signs and symptoms of allergies as below,
Airborne allergy symptoms can include:
* Itchy nose,
* Itchy throat,
* Nasal congestion,
* Itchy, red, streaming eyes,
If someone is allergic to food, medications or chemical or other allergens the signs and symptoms include:
* a raised, itchy, red rashes,
* usually swollen lips, face, tongue and eyes,
* vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain,
* skin become dry, crack and red.
There is no cure for allergies. Only by reducing the exposure of allergen you can relieve symptoms. Not only parents must educate their child about the allergen and the reaction, parents need to remind them often so that children can remember, but also inform all caregivers and other family members about your child’s allergy.
To reduce the symptoms parents should give doctor’s prescribed medication as well as they should take extra care at home.
For airborne allergy parents can take the following cares,
* keep your family pet out of those rooms where your child spend maximum time.
* hard floor doesn’t collect dust as much carpets or rugs do, so remove carpets or rugs from children’s rooms.
* remove any items that allow dust to build up.
* avoid cleaning rooms when your child is present in the room.
* if your baby is allergic to dust mites use special covers for pillows and mattress.
* if your child is allergic to pollen keep windows close.
* give them bath after they have been outdoor.
* keep your child inside the house when you mow the lawns.
* keep your home dry and good ventilation so that mold can’t grow.
* keep your child out of those rooms which is damp.
If your child is allergic to certain food or some food elements please always avoid the products made of those allergen. It can be really challenging for patents to avoid as those allergens can be found as a hidden ingredient. Manufacturer of foods sold in United States and Europe must state in understandable language whether foods contain any of the top eight most common allergen. But it is very important to know sometime written food safety can be harmful if the product contains any changed ingredients, process or production location.